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Annual Rye Grass:  Needs 40 degrees & up to germinate. Grows well in winter & Spring. Can grow up to 4 ft tall if not mowed. Needs mowed twice a week during April & May. Dies when high Temperatures reach 90 degrees & nights are 70 degrees. Will show suffering if not watered or no rain during Spring (this is mostly not a problem during spring, BUT will die if no rain & warm Temps happen at the same time).

 Perennial Rye:  Very Beautiful & a deep green. Needs 50 degree temperatures to germinate. Grows only about 6 inches high, very fine blades; BUT gets so thick it prevents other seeds to germinate. Dies or can go dormant after the 4th of July sometime & thick thatch still will prevent weeds. Can reappear the next fall some what patchy. Great grass for naturalization or low cost erosion control. NOT good for home lawns, hard to get rid of completely.

 Fescue Grass:  Very Beautiful & a deep green. Needs 50 degree Temperatures to germinate. Will grow only about 10 inches high if not mowed.  Needs to be planted September 15th though December 1st. When winter temperatures drop our highs to mid 50’s & night time lows in the lower 40’s …. It doesn’t germinate well. Grows fine in those temp’s if well rooted. It will survive our summers (with sprinkler system) until August. Because of the long lasting survivability & drought tolerance; this grass is an excellent companion nurse-crop to be mixed with Centipede Grass Seed during fall plantings. It is also a great grass for an area that is to be naturalized, erosion control (its long lasting survivability allows other grasses to come in before it dies …. Thus holding the soil) and no-mow areas (some cities will pay more for this on the sides of the road so their mowing cost will be down. Homeowners will enjoy not needing mowed as much as Annual Rye in spring.)

 Centipede Grass:  This is a plush thick grass the looks & grows very much like St. Augustine. It can grow about 6 inches tall & has runners on top of ground. Gets thick enough to prevent weeds when completed and very drought tolerant. Does NOT like wet areas or to be over fertilized. Has problems where aerobic sewer systems spray grey water. Recommend a time-release fertilizer similar to Scott’s Turf Builder. For more info click here > Centipede_Info.htm (You need Adobe PDF Reader) and read articles on the Links Page.

Bermuda Grasses:  Needs 70 degrees to germinate (& will germinate 24 hours a day when night time Temps reach 70 degrees & can be to mowing height in 3 weeks. If night time temps are below 70 degrees, it can take up to 6 weeks to get to mowing height) Leaving the “hull” on the seed can delay germination by 7 days or more. This is more beneficial in early spring & winter plantings.

There are several variety available now

Common Bermuda:  Old type we have always had. Blue-green in color. Used in pastures & low cost lawns. We use “unhulled” in Spring & Summer; We use “hulled” in Fall & winter. If not kept up with watering & mowing, ect. it will develop weeds & get thin over time.


Sahara Bermuda:  This was the “1St Generation” in research by the developing company. I can’t tell any difference between this & common. It is suppose to be more drought tolerant. I DO NOT RECOMMEND PLANTING THIS VARIETY. (Pennington Seed)


Sultan Bermuda:  This is the first variety that I have found to be better than common. It is really a wonderful grass. It is visually thicker, Greener in color, Finer blades, more drought tolerant. This is the first Bermuda that is thick enough to keep out weeds. The grower of this variety says this is the 2nd Generation of their research. I have been planting this variety since 1998. This grass establishes very fast, used on soccer fields and Fairways of golf courses. Makes a wonderful lawn. (Pennington Seed)

Princess Bermuda:  This variety is more visually thicker and much shorter than the Sultan is. Still as deep green and drought tolerant as Sultan. This grass could be used for a putting green; as thick or more so than “Tiff 419” sod. This is the 3rd Generation of research by the developing company. THIS is truly a marvel.  Getting enough seed in production delayed it coming to market for several years. I first saw a sample of it back in 1997. I started planting this variety in 2001; customers seem to like it very much. This grass is one of the more expensive Bermudas. As I have found with this type of Bermuda, it is very slow to establish because it grows so slowly.  (Pennington Seed)
















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